Southern Africa

Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania

Context

In the Southern Africa community of practice (CoP) countries of Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania, hunger and protein malnutrition are major problems. The proportion of severely or moderately underweight children under five years old is estimated at 15 percent in Tanzania and Malawi and 21 percent in Mozambique. The region also suffers from soil infertility and low overall system productivity due to a number of factors, including drought, field and storage pests, bacterial contamination of certain crops, and farmers’ limited access to quality seed.

Legumes, which are widely though not efficiently cultivated, have the potential to increase overall system productivity and improve soil health through biological nitrogen fixation and increased quantities of organic matter. More effective cultivation of legumes will provide grain to the market and offer greater diet diversification through protein-rich pulse and leaves. Regional governments and international funders have expressed increasing interest in legumes, and recent government farm subsidy programs are encouraging more legume production. However, aspects of national policies (such as those covering cultivar registration and seed systems) remain weak, and greater national research capacity is needed to realize the crops’ potential to improve soil and human health. 

Strategy

Initially the Southern Africa community of practice (CoP) supported research on constraints to legume productivity, including foliar diseases, parasitic weeds, low availability of nitrogen and phosphorous, and access to good quality planting seed. With a new regional theory of change, the CoP has expanded its focus to include improvements in crop productivity and post-harvest practices. The CoP is also researching the links between household food security and improved nutrition and incomes with growing attention on reducing the threat of aflatoxin contamination. The CoP supports cross-cutting research in agriculture policy and communication as well.

As the strategy continues to evolve, the regional team is exploring the factors that enable project technologies and processes to be taken to scale. Farmers and partners are key to this exploration. Therefore, two major priorities are increasing farmers’ involvement in testing varieties and validating technologies and involving partners from a wider range of fields (health, community development, gender, etc.) to better understand how agronomic practices, nutrition, and market opportunities intersect.

The regional team has identified specific research goals to help determine pathways for scaling within specific contexts. The team is working with project teams to gain a more nuanced understanding of AEI (agroecological intenstification) variables (soils, climate, altitude, socio-economic drivers, etc.) to determine what level of specificity is appropriate for recommendations. The team is also encouraging projects to take a more targeted approach to spatial analysis and supporting studies on ecological pest management to collect hard data on the impact that pests have on legume yields.

Group

Projects
Active
Bambara Groundnuts III
Bambara Market Growth and Nutrition in Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania
14-138, 14-140, 14-139
Botanical Pesticides II
Safe and effective pesticidal plants for agroecological intensification of legumes
13-335, 13-337, 13-338, 13-340
Bruchid management II
Introgression of bruchid resistance and incorporation of IPM strategies for reducing post-harvest losses of farmers preferred varieties
13-351, 13-350, 13-352
Cowpea Alectra III
Enhancement of Research Capacity to Develop and Promote Alectra Resistant Cowpea Varieties for Smallholder Farmers in Malawi and Tanzania
14-145
test Farmer Research Networks and legume integration
Engagement of Farmer Research Networks in Assessment of intercropping pigeon peas, lablab, and knowledge sharing for livelihood improvement in Singida
16-234
Groundnut Breeding III
New Varieties and Management Systems to Improve Productivity, Food Security, and Safety and Market Competitiveness
14-320
Groundnut Value Chain Technology
Enhancing Productivity and Competitiveness of Groundnut-Based Cropping Systems in Malawi by Developing and Deploying Labor Saving and Drudgery Reducing Technologies in the Groundnut Value Chain
15-115
test Leadership support
Building Research Leadership and Management Capacity of CCRP Communities of Practice in Sub-Saharan Africa
14-221
Legume Best Bets III
Upscaling Best Fit Maize-Legume Technologies Through Multi-Environment Trials and Farmer Research Networks
14-247, 14-248
test Legume diversification
Singida Nutrition and Agroecology Project
14-433
test Mozambique Cowpea Systems
Development and Evaluation of Improved Cowpea Varieties and Crop Management Practices in Mozambique for Enhanced Food Security, Family Nutrition, and Income
14-590
P-Efficient Legumes III
Increasing Bean Productivity and Livelihoods through Scaling Out of Phosphorus-Efficient Varieties of Common Bean to Smallholder Farmers in Mozambique
13-609, 14-318
test Pigeon Pea - FRN
Farmer based research networks and their improved household food security and income status – intercropping of pigeon peas with maize/sorghum
15-451
Completed
test Bambara groundnuts
Development and promotion of bambara groundnuts for improved human nutrition in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania
09-299
test Bambara groundnuts II
Development and promotion of bambara groundnuts for improved human nutrition in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania
10-714
Bean seed delivery
Getting back to basics: creating impact-oriented bean seed delivery systems for the poor (and others) in Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania
06-743
test Bean Seed Delivery II
Supporting communities to increase bean productivity through enhanced accessibility to seed of preferred bean varieities and other technologies in Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania
10-531, 10-679, 10-680, 10-681
test Botanical pesticides/legumes
Botanical pesticides/legumes: Optimized Pest Management With Botanical Pesticides on Legume Cropping Systems in Malawi and Tanzania
09-297
Bruchid management for beans
Bruchid management: Introgression of bruchid resistance into farmers preferred varieties for increased productivity and stability of bean supply
09-273
Climbing beans
Improving smallholder food security, nutrition and income through increased production and marketing of climbing beans
06-744
Climbing Beans II
Improving Bean Production and Utilization and Utilization by Smallholder Farmers Through intergration of Climbing Beans in the Smallholder Farming Systems in Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania
10-713, 10-918, 10-919, 10-920
Cowpea resistance to Alectra
Development and promotion of Alectra-resistant cowpea cultivars for smallholder farmers in Tanzania and Malawi
06-741
test Cowpea resistance to Alectra II
Cowpea/Alectra II Year 1: Development and Promotion of Alectra Resistant Cowpea Cultivars for Smallholder Farmers in Malawi and Tanzania
09-1206, 10-236, 10-235
test Groundnut breeding
Developing short-and medium-duration groundnut varieties with improved yield performance, acceptable market traits and resistance to foliar diseases
06-742
test Groundnut breeding II
Groundnut Varieties Improvement for Yield and Adaptation, Human Health, and Nutrition
09-1207
test Groundnut postharvest value chain
Groundnut postharvest value chain
09-262
test Legume best bets
Legume best bets to acquire Phosphorus and Nitrogen and improve family nutrition
06-740
test Legume best bets II
Legume best bets II
09-1231
test P-efficient legumes
Increasing Phosphorus efficiency and production of grain legumes in China and Africa
05-780
test P-efficient legumes II
P-efficient legumes II: Increasing Bean Productivity and Household Food Security in Stressful Environments in Mozambique Through Use of Phosphorus-Efficient Seeds by Farm Households
09-1086
test PV groundnut
Development and promotion of bambara groundnuts for improved human nutrition in Malawi, Mozambique, and Tanzania
10-889
test Soil fertility management
Scaling up integrated soil fertility management: economics, policy, and extension strategies to improve human nutrition and soils in Malawi
09-298
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